Periodontal disease is a severe inflammatory condition induced by bacteria that attack gum tissues and in more acute cases, the bone holding up the teeth. If untreated, it can result in loss of tooth and has also been linked with other systematic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Moreover, studies have shown that there’s an association between periodontal disease and severe outcomes in pregnancy. IVF Brisbane suggests a dental checkup before any severe periodontal disease occurs during pregnancy.
Women go through a great deal of hormonal and physiological changes during pregnancy, some of which affect even their mouths. These changes may include;
>Increased periodontopathogenic and cariogenic bacteria from changes in dental hygiene, salivary composition, and diet.
>Increased sex hormones: progesterone and estrogen.
>Increased vascular permeability causing changes in gums.
These changes may result in periodontal disease. Other main oral effects include dental erosion, halitosis, tooth mobility, tooth sensitivity, xerostomia, epulis gravidarum, halitosis, and caries.
Symptoms of periodontal disease include: redness, tenderness or swollen gums, bleeding gums when brushing your teeth or eating, bad breathe and lose teeth. Doctors suggest that these signs and symptoms, especially during pregnancy, shouldn’t be assumed and may need treatment from a professional.
Existing research indicates that periodontal disease during pregnancy is an increased risk factor for detrimental pregnancy outcome, some of which include: premature delivery (labor before 37 weeks); pre-eclampsia/eclampsia (hypertension induced by pregnancy, urine with increased levels of protein); low birth weight (below 2.5 kg). Such complications may result in the newborns developing long-term health issues such as vision and hearing loss, respiratory problems, delayed motor skills, or learning disabilities.
To prevent is better than to cure. So, if you’re pregnant or are planning to get pregnant, get in touch with your dentist for proper guidance. Also, plan a dental check-up for every trimester in the cause of the pregnancy to maintain proper oral health.
Regular brushing and practicing interdental hygiene (flossing) are crucial to maintaining proper oral health. It’s important for pregnant mothers to be extra cautious with their oral health because the chance of developing periodontal disease increases during pregnancy.