Titanium is one of the longest standing materials of choice for dental implants. Its biological compatibility with the human body, high success rate, and versatility are among the factors accounting for its popularity.
Titanium zirconia implants are both used in dentistry. But in order to determine whether which one is the right one for you, take into consideration a number of titanium dental implant side effects:
- Hypersensitivity or Allergic Reactions
In very rare cases, patients have suffered hypersensitivity or allergic reactions to Titanium metal after getting an implant. Such reactions vary in severity and are exhibited in multiple ways. The most common of these include:
- inflammation of the gums or face
- implant loosening
- delayed wound healing
- hives or acne-like bumps on the face
- Autoimmune Disease Complications
Autoimmune disorder patients and individuals with a high genetic susceptibility to such diseases could also suffer negative effects from titanium dental implants. This is because their immune system has a predisposition to attack tissue mistakenly. If this happens, it could result in inflammation and hamper the healing process. However, every case is unique and such patients require extensive review prior to the procedure to avert the risks.
- Yellow Fingernail Syndrome
Researchers have found a link between titanium dental implants and the development of yellow fingernail syndrome. Apart from the tell-tale nail color change that characterizes this condition, it could also cause respiratory complications. It is said to be the result of an oxidation process which triggers galvanic corrosion causing the yellow discoloration. In such cases, when the implant is removed, the condition is resolved.
- Activation of Free Radicals
Free radical activation is yet another side effect of titanium implants that could result from oxidation. Free radicals are unstable molecules which have unpaired electrons. Such electrons act as they seek partners and could, therefore, cause cell damage in the oral cavity. Having these titanium dental implant side effects in mind before undertaking the procedure will make it easier to choose the most suitable material and avoid potential risks.